Problem Solving - 1

Basic

Table of Contents

Teachers

Definition: Problem solving means finding solutions to difficult problems or situations.

Discussion Points

  • Everyone has problems and the ability to solve them.
  • A problem is a question that needs answered or a situation that creates difficulty.
  • I can take steps to successfully solve problems.

Discuss with students what bullying means. Review the discussion point questions.

Possible activities to review the discussion point:

  • The group should form a circle. Ask a question and allow students to toss a bean bag to those who would like to answer the question.
  • Play tic-tac-toe by dividing the group into teams. Write discussion questions on a post-it note and place them on the tic-tac-toe grid. Allow a representative from the team to select a post-it note and as a team develop an answer to the question. If they get it right they may put their teams marker (x or o) on the grid.

Activity 1: Tower Building

Divide students into groups. Give each group an equal amount of spaghetti and marshmallows. The goal is to see which team can build the highest tower within the time given.

After the activity is complete discuss:

  • What was easy?
  • What was hard?
  • What problems did you face?
  • How did you solve these problems?
Materials Needed:
  • Spaghetti
  • Marshmallows

Activity 2: Size of Problem

Explain to students that it is important when we have a problem to think about the size of it. Discuss student activity sheet A. Allow groups time to complete the activity sheet.

Materials Needed:
  • Chart paper or Chalkboard
  • Student Activity Sheet A - 1 per group
  • Pencil for each group

Activity 3: Who Can Help Me

Allow students to complete student activity sheet B. Discuss answers when finished.

Materials Needed:
  • Student activity sheet B - 1 per student
  • Pencil for each student

Lesson Extension: Listening Comprehension

Explain that a script is a form of writing; a dialogue between characters in a movie, play, or broadcast. Utilizing the immersive reader students should listen carefully as the teacher plays the example script below. Replay the script if needed. Allow students time to complete student activity sheet C and share.

After students have finished, discuss the listening comprehension questions together.

Materials Needed:
  • Student Activity Sheet C - 1 per student
  • Pencil for each student

Example of effective problem solving:
Dr. Sally: Good afternoon Officer Dave. I have a huge problem. Can you help me?
Officer Dave: Sure what is wrong.
Dr. Sally: I fell on the steps and I think I broke my arm.
Officer Dave: That is a huge problem. Let’s get you to the hospital.

If time allows students may partner together and role play the script.

Script Writing and Animation

In small groups, have the students create scripts demonstrating effective and ineffective problem solving. Use the script sheet to create students scripts.

Materials Needed:
  • Script sheet for each group
  • Pencil for each student

Example of effective problem solving:
Dr. Sally: Good afternoon Officer Dave. I have a huge problem. Can you help me?
Officer Dave: Sure what is wrong.
Dr. Sally: I fell on the steps and I think I broke my arm.
Officer Dave: That is a huge problem. Let’s get you to the hospital.

Example of ineffective problem solving:
Dr. Sally: Good afternoon Officer Dave. I have a huge problem. Can you help me?
Officer Dave: Sure what is wrong.
Dr. Sally: I can’t find my pencil.
Officer Dave: Dr. Sally, that doesn’t really seem like a huge problem to me. That is a little problem. I bet if you look for it you will find it.

Have students record their scripts using the SiLAS software. Remember to name and save their work. Premiere the movies with the group members at the end of each session.

Lesson Review

Allow students time to complete the student lesson review. Discuss answers when finished.

Read Aloud Recommendations:

Completing a read aloud with students is a great way for them to see and learn social skills as well as incorporating reading skills. Below are some books that could be used to reinforce the concept. Read and discuss as appropriate for level and as time allows throughout the lesson.

  • Ira Sleeps Over by Bernard Waber
  • Dog Breath by Dav Pilkey
  • Oliver Button is a Sissy by Tomie dePaola
  • Harry the Dirty Dog by Gene Zion
  • The Little Engine by Watty Piper
  • Lilly’s Purple Plastic Purse by Kevin Henkes
  • Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig
  • Enemy Pie by Derek Muson
  • Materials Needed:
    • Student Lesson Review sheet - 1 per student
    • Pencil for each student

    Students

    Go to only student curriculum

    Student Activity Sheet A

    Think about how big or little the problem is.

    Little: This is a little problem that I can easily move on from. May need a small amount of help from an adult. Example of a little problem: Lost your pencil

    Medium: This is a medium size problem that may be harder to get over, but it isn’t the end of the world and tomorrow it won’t even matter. May need help from an adult. Example of a medium size problem: Feeling sick

    Huge: This is a huge problem that tomorrow will still be a problem and could be life changing. A lot of help will be needed from an adult. Example of a large size problem: Injury

    Directions: As a group develop a list of examples for each problem size.

    Student Activity Sheet B

    Directions: Draw or write about 3 people who can help you when you have a problem.

    Student Activity Sheet C

    Directions: Draw a comic to match the script you listened to.

    Student Lesson Review Sheet

    Directions: Fill in the blanks with a word from the word bank.

    little medium huge

    A size problem isn’t the end of the world and tomorrow won’t even matter. I may need help from an adult.

    A problem will still be a problem tomorrow. I will need a lot of help from an adult.

    A problem is something that I can easily move on from. I may need a small amount of help from an adult.